Man Wiping Windshield

How to Change Your Windshield Wipers



New car owners are often unsure about their car parts and get confused about their workings and maintenance. Out of all the queries, “How do you change a windshield wiper?” and “What are the best windshield wipers for my car?” are some of the most asked questions by new car owners.

Even simple tasks like wiper blade replacement can seem daunting, but fear not! This guide provides step-by-step instructions on how to change your window wipers.


Steps to Change Your Windshield Wipers

When your windshield wipers start leaving streaks or skipping across the glass, it’s time for a change. Worn-out wipers can reduce visibility, especially during rain or snow, increasing the risk of accidents.

Some signs that it’s high time you replace your windshield wipers are – streaking or hazing during rain or snow, unsmooth swipes, split or detached rubber, worn rubber edge, and bent or cracked metal arm. By replacing them regularly, you ensure clear vision on the road, keeping yourself and others safe.

Generally, part replacement is an annual affair. However, in areas that experience extreme weather, it’s better to replace them every six months or so. Harsh sun, frequent downpours, and snowy winters all wear down windshield wipers quickly. Because climates differ so much, the need to replace wipers depends on your region’s specific weather.

Here are the steps to follow to change your windshield wipers:


1. Gather Your Materials

  • Before you begin, gather the necessary tools and materials to replace your worn-out wipers. Here’s what you’ll need:
  • Tape Measure: This will help you ensure you buy new wiper blades that match the exact length of your old ones.
  • New Windshield Wipers: Opt for a windshield wiper replacement specifically designed for your car model for optimal fit and performance.
  • Manual Dexterity: Most of the process can be done by hand, so a little elbow grease is all you need!

2. Determine the Correct Wiper Size

When choosing new windshield wipers, consider these key features:

  • Windshield wiper length – The length of your windshield wiper is of utmost importance. Wipers that are too short won’t be effective in adverse weather. On the other hand, wipers that are too long may end up damaging your windshield. Check the length of your old wipers with a measuring tape to ensure you get wipers of the same size. Alternatively, you can also refer to your vehicle model’s user manual to check the required size for your wipers.
  • Passenger and rear wiper – These can be different lengths. To ensure a perfect fit, consult your car’s manual for the recommended sizes. If you don’t have the manual handy, simply measure your old blades with a tape measure and choose replacements that match those lengths.

By following these guidelines, you will be able to decide on the best windshield wipers for your car.


3. Remove the Old Wiper Blades

To replace your wipers, begin by removing the old wiper blades. Position the wipers at a ninety-degree angle from the windows before attempting the removal. Check the type of arm connector present in your windshield wiper. If it is the usual J-Hook style, you can slide the wiper blade down towards the base, and it will unhook.


If your wipers have tabs or buttons, look for them on the wiper arm where it connects to the blade. Press or lift these to release the blade. If there’s a locking mechanism, disengage it first. This will allow you to easily slide the old blade off the wiper arm.


If you face any resistance during the process, double-check the steps or consult your car’s manual for specific removal instructions for your wiper blade type.


4. Install New Wiper Blades


Here’s the process to install new wiper blades:

  1. Begin by removing the plastic protector and unsheathing the blade.
  2. Repeat the steps you followed for removing the blade but in reverse. Adjust the blades until you hear a clicking sound.
  3. Ensure the blade is not twisted and is positioned properly against the windshield.
  4. Repeat the process for all other blades in the vehicle.
  5. Lower the wipers gently on top of the windshield.

5. Test the New Wiper Blades

After successfully applying new wiper blades, splash some water onto your windshield and test them out.

If you notice any unusual sounds or resistance from the windshield wipers, stop using them immediately and adjust their position on your windshield.


6 . Adjust if Necessary

After making adjustments, try again and check whether similar issues arise again. If you notice sounds or experience resistance again, retrace your assembling steps and refer to the manual. If all fails, contact an expert for further advice and aid.

Once you ensure your wipers are working properly, you can confidently take your vehicle on a drive on a windy or rainy day.


Maintenance Tips

  1. Avoid overusing your wipers: While windshield wipers are there to keep your view clear, constant use can wear them down faster. The rubber between the plastic arm and the windshield may wear away, leading to window damage. Use your wipers only when necessary (during rain, snow, or dirty windshields), and replace them when they show signs of wear, like streaking or skipping.
  2. Drive slowly: Drive at a slow pace to prevent any damage from high wind resistance on your windshield wipers. Using slower wiper speeds can minimize strain on the moving parts, especially in windy conditions.
  3. Avoid traversing in harsh climates: Avoid traveling during storms and other harsh weather conditions. Use a car cover during hot summers to prevent damage to the plastic and rubber components.
  4. Replace regularly: Replace your windshield wipers annually, and if you live in a region with a harsh climate, replace your wipers every six months to prevent any potential problems.

Drive Safely with Well-Maintained Windshield Wipers

Maintaining your windshield wipers isn’t just about clarity on the road; it’s about safeguarding yourself and your loved ones. By ensuring clear visibility, you significantly reduce the risk of accidents.

With our easy-to-follow guide, you’ll spend minimal time ensuring your wipers are in top condition, enhancing your driving experience and fostering self-reliance.

Still hesitant? Don’t worry! For expert assistance, visit Autoglass, where windshield experts are ready to help you drive with confidence.

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